Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. It encompasses conscious and unconscious phenomena as well as feelings and thoughts. The subject is vast and crosses over into the natural sciences. It is also used in many areas, including medicine and forensics. Its branches include cognitive, social, and forensic psychology. Here are some common terms and definitions.
Structurelism in psychology is a school of psychology that emphasizes the relationship between psychological factors and behavior. Developed by Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Bradford Titchener, it was challenged in the 20th century.
The idea of functionalism is based on the idea that humans are influenced by the environment. This is an intuitive approach that suggests that different mental states can be caused by different circumstances. This concept is also called role functionalism.
Humanistic psychology is a growing field in psychology. Its roots can be traced back to the 1950s, when psychologists from various fields got together in Detroit, Michigan to discuss a new approach to psychology. It focuses on issues such as creativity, self-actualization, and individuality, as well as issues pertaining to the health and wellbeing of individuals. The concept gained popularity after the American Psychological Association recognized it and created a division to promote the field. In 1961, it published its first journal, The Humanistic Psychologist.
The field of forensic psychology has seen dramatic growth in recent years. Much of this growth has been due to the role of forensic psychologists in the criminal justice system. Students who are interested in this field should know that there are several career options available. Some of these include writing reports, testifying at trials, providing direct treatment, and working in therapeutic communities. A career in forensic psychology can be a challenging and fulfilling one.
Neuropsychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the nervous system and cognition. In this field, psychologists study brain illnesses and injuries in order to better understand human behavior.
Careers in psychology
Careers in psychology include a variety of roles. Many work independently, while others consult with other medical professionals and scientists. Some focus on a specific population or type of problem. Others collaborate with attorneys and teachers on school reform, or work in hospitals, prisons, and corporate offices.